for home defense use? #4 or 00? Magnum, standard or reduced recoil?
The 12-gauge I have for the purpose is, with magnums or standard buckshot, fairly nasty to shoot. It’s light, which is very nice, except less weight means you feel more of the recoil energy; makes practice downright uncomfortable. So I tried two loads: the Winchester Ranger low recoil, and the Hornady FPD reduced recoil, both with 00 buckshot.
The Ranger load uses eight pellets, the Hornady nine and a lower powder charge. Recoil feels about the same, definitely lower than standard(let alone magnum) loads. Both give tight patterns in across the room/across the yard ranges(my scattergun has a 18" improved-cylinder barrel), easily placing all pellets well inside COM. With a high COM aim, all pellets in the upper chest of a silhouette. And I can’t believe that, at these ranges, the slightly lower velocity of some of these will be enough to make a difference to the goblin.